Hass, Fuerte, Negra de la Cruz, Bacon, Edranol, and Zultano varieties grow in Chile, the second-largest avocado producer in the world. This abundance is largely due to the country’s nutrient-rich soil, temperate climate, and natural boundaries to pests. The U.S. is Chile’s most important market.
Chilean avocados grow from the Coquimbo to the O'Higgins regions. The avocado tree must be grown in a warm climate, and requires loam or sandy soils that are free of clay. High-quality water is also important to for successful cultivation.
Avocados are high in vitamins B, E, and K, and minerals, such as potassium and magnesium. They are also high in monounsaturated fatty acids and oleic acid, which can help reduce the risk of heart disease. Avocados also contain fiteosteroles, which have anti-inflammatory properties, anti-tumor properties, bactericides, and fungicides.